Everything You Need to Know About Equipment Financing

Equipment Financing

Ever found yourself scratching your head over how to fund that next big purchase for your business? You’re not alone. The world of equipment financing offers a lifeline, letting businesses like yours get the gear they need without draining their bank accounts dry. 

Whether it’s heavy machinery or office tech, understanding how this financial tool works could be a game-changer for managing your cash flow and keeping operations smooth.

But here’s where things get interesting – not all financing options are created equal. From loans to leases, the choices can seem endless, and finding the right fit might feel like searching for a needle in a haystack.

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Table Of Contents:

Types of Equipment Financing Options

When it comes to financing equipment for your business, you’ve got options. And plenty of them.

From traditional bank loans to more creative solutions like leasing or vendor financing, there’s an equipment financing option out there for every business need and budget.

Let’s break down the most common types of equipment financing, so you can make an informed decision about which route is best for your company.

Equipment Loans

An equipment loan is pretty straightforward: a lender provides you with the funds to purchase the equipment outright, and the equipment itself serves as collateral for the loan. Loan terms typically range from 1-7 years, depending on the type of equipment and your business’s qualifications.

One big advantage of equipment loans is that you own the equipment from day one. That means you can claim depreciation and interest expenses on your taxes, which can add up to significant savings over time.

Equipment Leasing

If you’d rather not commit to purchasing equipment outright, leasing is another popular equipment financing option. With a lease, the lender purchases the equipment and rents it to you for a monthly payment over a set term (usually 2-5 years).

At the end of the lease, you typically have the option to purchase the equipment for its fair market value, return it to the lender, or renew the lease. Leasing can be a good choice if you need equipment that will become obsolete quickly or if you want to conserve cash flow.

Vendor Financing

Did you know that many equipment manufacturers offer their own financing programs? It’s called vendor financing, and it can be a convenient way to get the equipment you need without having to shop around for a lender.

With vendor financing, you work directly with the equipment supplier to secure funding. They may offer special promotions or discounts that you wouldn’t be able to get through a traditional lender. Just be sure to compare rates and terms with other equipment financing options to ensure you’re getting the best deal.

Sale-Leaseback Financing

Here’s a creative equipment financing option you may not have considered: sale-leaseback financing. With this arrangement, you sell equipment you already own to a lender and then lease it back from them.

Why would you do this? It frees up cash that was tied up in the equipment, giving you a lump sum of capital to invest in other areas of your business. At the end of the lease term, you can choose to purchase the equipment back or simply return it to the lender.

Sale-leaseback financing can be a good option if you have valuable equipment but need a quick infusion of cash.

How to Qualify for Equipment Financing

So, you’ve decided that equipment financing is the way to go for your business. But what does it take to actually qualify for an equipment loan or lease?

Lenders will look at a variety of factors when evaluating your application, including your credit score, business financials, and time in business. Let’s break down the key qualifications you’ll need to meet.

Credit Score Requirements

Your credit score is one of the first things lenders will look at when you apply for equipment financing. A higher score generally means better rates and terms, but the minimum score required varies by lender.

For equipment financing, lenders typically require a minimum credit score of 600, but some may require scores of 620-660 or higher. Keep in mind that both your personal and business credit scores may be considered.

According to a survey by the Federal Reserve, 41% of small businesses that applied for financing in 2020 were denied due to low credit scores.

Business Financial Health

Lenders want to see that your business has the cash flow to make the monthly payments on your equipment financing. They may require a minimum annual revenue of $50,000 to $250,000, depending on the size of the loan or lease.

Other financial factors that lenders consider include your debt-to-income ratio and profitability. They want to see that you’re not overextended on other debts and that your business is generating enough income to cover its expenses.

Time in Business

Most equipment financing lenders require businesses to be in operation for at least 2 years before they’ll approve a loan or lease. This helps them assess the stability and viability of your company.

However, some online lenders and alternative financing companies have lower time in business requirements and are willing to work with startups. If you’re a newer business, you may need to provide additional documentation or collateral to secure financing.

Required Documentation

When you apply for equipment financing, be prepared to provide a variety of documentation to support your application. This typically includes:

  • Bank statements
  • Tax returns (personal and business)
  • Financial statements
  • Equipment quote or invoice

Lenders may require tax returns for the past 1-3 years, so make sure your records are up to date. The more organized and comprehensive your documentation is, the smoother the application process will be.

Comparing Equipment Financing Lenders

You’ve got your equipment financing application ready to go – now it’s time to find the right lender. With so many options out there, how do you choose?

It’s important to compare offers from multiple lenders to ensure you’re getting the best rates and terms for your business. Let’s take a look at the main types of equipment financing lenders and what they bring to the table.

Bank Financing

Traditional banks are often the first place businesses turn for equipment financing, and for good reason. Banks typically offer the most competitive interest rates, especially for established businesses with strong credit.

However, the application process for bank financing can be slow and cumbersome. It may take weeks or even months to get approved and receive funding. Banks also tend to have stricter qualification requirements compared to online lenders.

According to the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index, big banks approved just 15.3% of small business loan applications in December 2022.

Online Lenders

Online lenders have disrupted the equipment financing space in recent years, offering a faster and more streamlined application process. With an online lender, you can often get approved and receive funding in as little as 24 hours.

The trade-off is that online lenders typically charge higher interest rates than banks. However, they also tend to have more flexible qualification requirements and are more willing to work with startups or businesses with less-than-perfect credit.

Some popular online lenders for equipment financing include:

Specialized Equipment Financing Companies

If you’re looking for industry-specific expertise, consider working with a specialized equipment financing company. These lenders focus on providing financing for certain types of equipment, such as medical devices, construction machinery, or IT hardware.

The advantage of working with a specialized lender is that they have a deep understanding of the equipment you’re financing and can offer tailored solutions. They may also have relationships with equipment vendors that can lead to better deals or faster approvals.

Examples of specialized equipment financing companies include:

No matter which type of lender you choose, be sure to carefully review and compare the rates, terms, fees, and qualification requirements of each offer. Don’t be afraid to negotiate or ask questions – after all, it’s your business’s financial future on the line.

Key Takeaway: Exploring equipment financing? You’ve got options like loans, leasing, vendor programs, and sale-leaseback deals to fit every need and budget. To qualify, lenders check your credit score, business health, and time in biz. Ready to apply? Gather bank statements, tax returns, financials & the equipment quote. Then compare lenders – banks for lower rates but stricter terms; online lenders for speed; specialized companies for industry expertise.

Benefits of Equipment Financing for Your Business

You’re probably wondering, “What’s in it for me?” when it comes to equipment financing. Well, let me tell you – there are some pretty sweet benefits that can really give your business a boost.

Here are the top 4 reasons why equipment financing might just be the best thing since sliced bread for your biz:

Preserve Working Capital

First up, equipment financing lets you get your hands on the gear you need without tying up all your cash. That means you’ve got more money to play with for things like inventory, payroll, or even expanding your empire. In fact, 80% of U.S. businesses lease some or all of their equipment. Pretty smart, right?

Tax Advantages

Next, let’s talk about everyone’s favorite topic: taxes. With equipment financing, you can often deduct your lease or loan payments as a business expense. Plus, under Section 179 of the tax code, you might be able to deduct the full cost of qualifying equipment purchases (up to $1,080,000 in 2022). Bonus depreciation rules have been pretty sweet too. Talk about some serious tax savings.

Flexible Terms

Another great thing about equipment financing? The flexible repayment options. You can choose terms ranging from 12 to 72 months or more. Some lenders even offer customized payment structures, like seasonal or stepped payments, to match your cash flow. Longer financing terms can make those monthly payments a lot more manageable.

Quick Funding

Last but not least, many online lenders and specialized financing companies offer lightning-fast application processing and approvals. Some can even get you funded in as little as 24-48 hours. That means you can get your equipment and start using it to make money ASAP. Talk about fast processing.

So there you have it – the top benefits of equipment financing. You get the gear you need to grow your business, without breaking the bank or getting stuck in tax hell. What’s not to love?

Common Types of Equipment Financed

Now, you might be wondering what kind of equipment you can actually finance. The good news? Pretty much anything your business needs to run like a well-oiled machine.

Here are some of the most common types of equipment that businesses finance:

  • Heavy equipment: Think construction and farm machinery like excavators, bulldozers, tractors, and combines. These big-ticket items can be a game-changer for your biz, but they come with a hefty price tag. Equipment financing can make them a lot more accessible.
  • Medical and dental equipment: From X-ray machines and dental chairs to surgical robots and MRI scanners, medical and dental practices rely on some seriously high-tech (and expensive) gear. Equipment financing can help you stay on the cutting edge without cutting into your bottom line.
  • Manufacturing and industrial equipment: Whether you need CNC machines, 3D printers, or packaging equipment, financing can help you get the tools you need to streamline your production process and boost your output.
  • Restaurant equipment: Ovens, refrigerators, dishwashers, oh my. Running a restaurant requires a ton of specialized equipment. Equipment financing can help you get your kitchen fully stocked without eating up all your capital.
  • IT equipment and software: In today’s digital world, businesses need computers, servers, networking equipment, and software to stay competitive. Equipment financing can help you stay up-to-date with the latest technology without breaking the bank.
  • Office furniture and equipment: From desks and chairs to copiers and phone systems, every office needs the right equipment to function. Equipment financing can help you create a comfortable and productive workspace for your team.

The bottom line? No matter what kind of business you’re in, there’s probably some equipment out there that can help you do what you do better. And with equipment financing, you can get your hands on it without draining your bank account. It’s a win-win.

Steps to Apply for Equipment Financing

Okay, so you’re sold on the idea of equipment financing. But how do you actually go about getting it? Don’t worry, I’ve got you covered.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to applying for equipment financing:

Determine Equipment Needs

First things first, you need to figure out exactly what equipment your business needs. Do some research on specific models and get quotes from vendors. Think about whether buying new or used equipment makes the most sense for your budget.

Gather Required Documentation

Next, gather up all the paperwork you’ll need for your application. This usually includes things like bank statements, tax returns, financial statements, and equipment quotes. Make sure everything is up-to-date and accurate. Some lenders might have additional requirements, so check with them first.

Compare Lenders

Now it’s time to shop around and compare offers from different equipment financing lenders. Look at banks, online lenders, and specialized financing companies. Consider factors like interest rates, loan terms, fees, and qualification requirements. Get detailed quotes so you can find the best deal.

Submit Application

Once you’ve picked a lender, it’s time to fill out the application. Most lenders have online applications these days, but some might require you to apply in person or over the phone. Make sure you provide all the required information and double-check everything for accuracy.

Review and Accept Offer

If your application is approved, the lender will send you a financing offer with all the details like the loan amount, interest rate, term, and monthly payment. Read it over carefully and make sure you understand all the terms and conditions. If you’re happy with the offer, sign on the dotted line and send it back. The lender will then fund the loan so you can purchase your equipment.

And there you have it. The process of applying for equipment financing might seem a little daunting at first, but it’s really not so bad. Just take it one step at a time and don’t be afraid to ask questions along the way. Before you know it, you’ll have the equipment you need to take your business to the next level.

Key Takeaway: Equipment financing is a game-changer, letting you snag the gear your business needs while keeping cash in your pocket. It’s quick, offers tax breaks, and comes with flexible payback plans. Plus, almost any business tool can be financed – from heavy machinery to office tech. Getting started? Just pinpoint what you need, compare lenders, and apply.

FAQs in Relation to Equipment Financing

How hard is it to get a loan for equipment?

Landing an equipment loan hinges on your credit score, business health, and paperwork. It’s doable with good prep.

What is equipment financing?

Equipment financing lets you borrow money to buy necessary gear for your biz without paying all upfront.

What credit score is needed for an equipment loan?

You’ll usually need a minimum credit score of 600. Better scores mean better rates and terms though.

What is a good rate for an equipment loan?

A decent rate varies by lender but aim for single-digit APRs if your creds are solid.


The truth about equipment financing? It’s far from being just another item on your expense list; it’s an opportunity waiting to be grabbed. Imagine securing that essential piece of machinery today while preserving precious capital for tomorrow’s challenges and opportunities.

This isn’t just about getting new toys for work—it’s about strategically fueling growth without putting undue strain on your resources. As you’ve probably noticed, when it comes to financing, there are multiple avenues to explore. Whether you opt for leasing arrangements or traditional loans, there’s more than one path to achieve your goals (figuratively speaking).  And indeed, although delving into equipment financing may demand some strategic navigation, the potential rewards make it a highly worthwhile endeavor.

In essence? It quietly revolutionizes how we think about investing in our businesses’ futures—one smart decision at a time.

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Picture of Terence Young
Terence Young

Founder of eFunder

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